Students' Productive Struggle through Mathematical Modeling

Ozgul Kartal, Gorjana Popovic, Susie Morrissey, Lamont Holifield


This paper is a classroom story in which we present the design and implementation of activities in which model with mathematics, as described in the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, is a prominent mathematical practice. Using student conversations and written work, we describe the processes that students engaged in and their productive struggles. We then discuss types of understandings and learning exhibited by students through mathematical modeling tasks and present suggestions for a more successful implementation. We conclude with the challenges and benefits of implementing mathematical modeling tasks from the perspective of the teacher.


Model with Mathematics; Mathematical Modeling; Standards for Mathematical Practice; Productive Struggle

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